HIV/Hepatitis C

Motivational Interviewing-based HIV Risk Reduction: The intervention targets women who were recently incarcerated and at risk for HIV. The major behaviors the intervention focuses on are unprotected sex behaviors, injectable drug use, and partner violence. Each target behavior coincides with behaviors that can put a person at risk for viral hepatitis. The program also assists the newly released women with housing, education, employment, food, and legal services. The 12 sessions are delivered on a one-on-one basis. Features of the intervention include personal and intimate interactions with the facilitator, self-assessment, and detailed discussions of high-risk situations.

Drug Users Intervention Trial (DUIT): DUIT is a small-group intervention that employs peer education to reduce the incidence of hepatitis C and HIV infections. Targeted populations include injection drug users and those who practice high-risk sex behaviors. The intervention is given over the course of 3 weeks, with six two-hour sessions. The first few sessions are education-based, but the last couple of sessions engage participants in discussions and peer interactions. Risk reduction information is delivered in the form of videos, discussions, group and skill-building activities. Programs can be adapted to special populations such as MSM, minorities, and females.

Study to Reduce Intravenous Exposures (STRIVE): STRIVE targets hepatitis C positive injection drug users (IDUs). The format is a 6-session, group-level, peer mentoring intervention led by two trained facilitators to groups of 5 to 9 people. It is designed to prevent high-risk drug injection behaviors through the use of demonstrations, games, group discussions, skills-building exercises, street outreach activities, and videos. The intervention aims to reduce HCV transmission risk by training participants to mentor other IDUs and to promote risk reduction information.

*For more information on these and other research-tested intervention programs to assist you with providing enabling health services to your patients, please CLICK HERE.

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