Across the nation there are millions of residents (2,090,631) living in public housing. The average household size for residents of public housing is 2.2 people. Public housing was established to provide decent and safe rental housing for eligible low-income families, the elderly, and persons with disabilities. Nearly 50% of residents remain in public housing for 5 years or more.
Additionally, 789,211 children (ages 0-17) live in public housing representing 37% of residents. Seniors (age 62 and above) account for 16% of public housing residents, or 329,970 individuals. About 36% of public housing households include a member who is disabled.
The average annual household income of a household for residents of public housing is $13,984. This falls well below the federal poverty line, which in 2015 for a household of two was $15,930, and for a household of three was $20,090 according to the 2015 United States Health and Human Services Poverty Guidelines. A source of income for 34% of public housing resident households is through wages. Social Security payments are another source of income for approximately 55% of individuals in public housing. This information is from the Public Housing Resident Characteristics Reports and is current as of August 2014.